Compare, friend, our nature in what appertains to the education and to the absence of education, compare it to image like this.
Inside a cave, with the access open at firelight, large as the cave’s span, imagine chainmen that are inside from when were childrens, chained legs and neck.
They, for the bond, can’t move and slew back.
Strange picture is your, he said, and strange are these prisoners.
They are like us, I replied; do you believe these persons be able to see themselves in other way except shadows
on the cave’s wall in front of them? If these prisoners could chat between them, you don’t think that they should
believe their shadows like real things?
Question now, I began again, how they could unchain and heal themselves from the unconsciousness. Admit you that naturally one of theirs could be affranchise and was coacted to stand up.
Coacted to turn around his neck, to walk and to erect the look at firelight; and so doing, he felt pain and the glare
What do you think he reply to somebody which said that before he seen blankness without effect, but now,
being him nearest to what is and being oriented to objects that have more existence, he can see better than before?
Then if he was dragged away from there, up the rise rough and ascent, and not was him left off before that he was
under the direct light of the sun, you don’t think that he suffered and irritated for to being dragged?
And also, arrived at light, being him eyes dazzleds, he don’t could see not even one of the things which are said true.
And before, more easily, he will see the shadows and after the human’s and other object’s picture in their reflex
in the water. Finally, the real objects; from these, after, turning the eye to the star and to the moon light,
he’ll can admire, in the night, the celestial body and the same sky more easily than in daytime the sun.
After more time, I think, he’ll can see and contemplate the sun in its essence, instead the picture in the water,
just the sun, in its clime.
After which, talking about the sun, he could conclude that is it to generate the seasons and the years, and to rule
all the visible things, and to be the cause, in a certain way, of everything which he and his mates saw in the cave.
He now, remembering his first stay, the learning that had there and the fellow prisoners, you don’t think that
he feel joyful for own mutation and feel compassione for his mates?
Ponder you now about this point, I said. If our man was back down and replaced himself to sit in the same seat,
not he would have his eyes full of darkness, coming offhand from the sun light?
And if he should to descry again those shadows
and to contest with they wich were all the time prisoners? He then, don’t would be object of laugh?
They don’t would say about him that he have ruined eyes by his rising. They would say that is pointless to try to go up
and if he would try to loosen the chains and to carry out them, maybe they don’t kill him if could have in hands, and don’t